The Ryukin Goldfish has a curved backbone, a fat belly and long feathery fins. It has a small, pointed mouth and the body is typically triangular in shape.
There is a distinct hump on the back immediately behind the head. The Ryukin Goldfish comes in a variety of colours, including the Red/White, Calico, Red/Black and Red. All goldfish are members of the carp group and are generally quite hardy.
The Ryukin Goldfish will do well in a tank of 100 litres of water or more with a fine gravel bottom and hardy, cold water plants, as well as backyard garden ponds of 400 litres or more.
Goldfish are diggers and will scatter the fine sand onto leaves, injuring thin and less hardy plants. Roots and well-rounded river rocks are a good addition to the aquarium.
There appears to be a definite courtship ritual when Goldfish breed. Breeding often results in up to 1,000 eggs, with fry hatching in five to six days.
The fry should be fed small pieces of live or prepared foods designed for egg-laying fish. Goldfish are omnivorous and will eat all types of dried and live foods.
Limit protein, however, to 30% of the diet. A Goldfish flake or pellet food will provide these fish with the proper nutrition.