Bacteria starter for all filters
• Concentrate of 15 million bacteria which break down pollutants, in particular proteins, ammonium/ ammonia and nitrite.
• Application recommended with any new filter and each time the filter is cleaned.
• Specially recommended after bactericidal medications such as JBL Furanol or JBL Ektol fluid, vital with any addition of salt!
• Activates all filters up to 3 litres in volume.
JBL Filterstart: When?
when installing new filter or filter material
after cleaning filter
after using medications
Living bacteria – do not store above 30°C or below 0°C
Where comes Nitrite in aquariums from?
Nitrite (NO2) is a strong poison which blocks the transport of oxygen by the blood and leads to internal suffocation. It is formed by bacterial decomposition from ammonium and is further broken down into the non-toxic nitrate NO3. If nitrite levels exceeding 0.1 mg/l are measured, the bacterial break down of nitrogen is seriously damaged, without any doubt. This may be the result of treatment with antibacterial medications.
Measures against excessive nitrite levels in a freshwater aquarium:
1. Major water change of 1/3 to ½ the content of the aquarium.
2. Preparation of the water with JBL Biotopol.
3. Activate filter with JBL Filterstart.
4. Add JBL ClearMec plus to the filter. This filter material removes nitrite and nitrate from the water.
5. Identify cause: quantity of feed, fish stocking level, use of medications etc.
Measures against excessive nitrite levels in a saltwater aquarium:
1. Change 1/3 water.
2. Preparation of the water with JBL BioMarol.
3. Identify cause of nitrite: remove dead fish, clean areas of pollution, check filter etc.
4. Prime filter biologically with JBL Filterstart.
Ammonium in the nitrogen cycle
Ammonium is considered to be the first decomposition stage in the nitrogen cycle. It consists of proteins, which are converted by heterotrophic bacteria to ammonium. In addition, fish excrete a percentage of their bodily weight into the water every day in the form of ammonium. Ammoniu